The soil of the Yucatán Peninsula is unique in composition. It acts as a sponge when it rains. As the soil begins to dissolve, caverns are created. They can be partially or completely flooded and when they do collapse from erosion, a cenote is formed.
Tours are available to explore all four types of cenotes unique to the Yucatán, where you can revel in the beauty of these natural wonders and learn why the ancient Mayans considered them sacred shrines.
- Open Cenote: Known for their cylindrical shape, these cenotes showcase beautiful natural vegetation and rock formations.
- Ancient Cenote: Resembling lagoons, these cenotes are fully exposed bodies of water. Relaxing in the refreshing water and enjoying zip-line tours amid the surrounding lush jungle are activities not to be missed.
- Semi-Open Cenote: This cenote’s water is partially hidden away in caves below the surface. Rappelling is a popular activity that allows you to view the unique and distinctive rock formations below.
- Cavern Cenote: Once the location of Mayan ceremonies, these cenotes are located within caves and caverns deep below the earth’s surface. Snorkeling tours are one of the favorite ways to enjoy these natural wonders.